Bioengineering aims at implementing engineering tools with a Life Science context to provide novel therapeutic, diagnostic and rehabilitative solutions for healthcare. It is a multidisciplinary field, focused on the design, fabrication and development of devices that physically interact with biological entities such as molecules, cells, tissues and organs. Massive improvements have been achieved so far in Prosthetics, Pharmacy, Diagnostics thanks to the translation of engineering concepts to the clinical practice. Tangible examples of this integration are represented by drug eluting stents, bioactive hip prosthesis, biodegradable bone fixations, antifouling intraocular lenses, protein-based MRI contrast agents, nanovectors for targeted and controlled drug delivery. Industrial Bioengineers are professional that possess a solid knowledge in Engineering, which is complemented by a fundamental knowledge on cell and molecular biology and physiology. Therefore, they represent the most prominent figures of the Bioengineering Industry that design and produce biomedical devices with constantly improving performance and functions. The effective combination of Bioengineering principles with cutting edge technologies is expected to generate a giant leap towards the revolution in the Healthcare Industry, thus exerting a positive impact on modern society.